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Changing Perceptions of the Ottoman Empire: The Early Centuries



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The Guilds Of Jerusalem in Ottoman Period

 
  The Fear of Jem's Return, 1482-1495


Sayfa: 13/18


crusade against the Turks, Bayezid was averse to making much of an attack upon Egypt.79 He did feel, however, that the relations might be settled between the brothers of Sulqadr, Alaeddevlet and Budak. Egypt was becoming financially embarrassed, and prices were high in Cairo;80 so Bayezid probably presumed that Kaitbey would not be eager to support his dependent, Alaeddevlet.
Budak with Khizrbeyoglu Mehmed Bey, Prince Ahmed's governor in Amasya, marched against Alaeddevlet, and captured and blinded his two sons. But overconfidence again made the Ottomans careless. Alaeddevlet, being on the alert, attacked and defeated the army of his brother; Budak and several of the Ottoman pashas were captured and carried into Egypt.81 Alaeddevlet and his army began to ravage Anatolia to such an extent that the Turks in Rumelia were concerned, and Bayezid was moved to exert all his forces to subdue Anatolia and defeat the Egyptians.
The headquarters of the expeditionary army which was being gathered were changed from Beshiktash to Uskudar, Ali Pasha was removed as head, Hersekoglu Ahmed was put in charge, and Bayezid reflected on the advisability of his going in person. He was deterred by severe storms in Istanbul,82 but Hersekoglu set out in 1490 to relieve Kaysari, which Alaeddevlet and Uzbey were besieging. Arriving too late, he was captured by the Egyptians and sent as a prisoner to Cairo for the second time.83 There was, however, a famine in Anatolia which forced Uzbey to retreat and kept Bayezid from sending a large contingent to drive out the Egyptians.84 Both nations were ready for peace, and, with the death of the king of Hungary, it was advantageous for the Porte to settle affairs in Anatolia.
Tunis, attacked by Spain, sent an ambassador to obtain aid from Bayezid. On his way to Istanbul, the ambassador passed through Egypt with the hope of bringing about a settlement between the two Moslem sultans so that they could support Tunis in her struggle . Arriving in Istanbul, he, with the mufti of Bursa, Zeineddin Ali, brought about the rapprochement.85 The first Egyptian ambassador, Mamay-el-Haski, was discredited and arrested in Istanbul. To replace him, the Emir Jambalat was sent to draw up the treaty of peace with the ambassador of Tunis and Zeineddin Ali. Adana, Tarsus, and a fortress on the frontier were ceded to Egypt, but they were to be considered as
' DaLezze, pp. 189-190; Thuasne pp. 243-244. Bayezid, however, was pleased that Jem was in Rome in the hands of the Pope, for it was realized that France, Hungary, Venice, or Naples could alone attack Turkey but that the Pope would need a Christian league. At this time such a league was almost impossible to conceive (ibid., p. 264).
80 Halil Edhem, V, 220.
81 cAsiqpasazade, pp. 232-233; Giese, pp. 160-161, 164-165; Halil Edhem, V, 219-220; Hammer, IV, 28-29. The
troops were largely feudal levies from Anatolia, akinjis, and the soldiers of sanjakbeys of Anatolia. Other officers
were Mikhaloglu Iskender Bey, Sanjakbey of Kaysari, and Mutanzaroglu Mahmud, first bey of Karamania.
82 The storms were considered omens of misfortune and, perhaps of more importance, lightning struck the
arsenal, killing between five and six thousand people and blowing the dome of the arsenal into the sea (Giese,
pp. 165-166, cAs.iqpas.azade, p. 234, Hammer, IV, 31).
83 cAsiqpasazade, pp. 233-234; DaLezze, p. 190; Giese, pp. 165-166; Halil Edhem, V, 202, 220-222, 282-283.
84 Giese, p. 166.
85 Halil Edhem, V, 221, 273-274; Hammer, IV, 30; Giese, p. 166; Zeineddin Ali is also referred to as Ali
Chelebi (Halil Edhem, V, 274) and as Ali Arabi or Molla Arabi (Hammer, IV, 30).
36




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